Uses and usage level of e-commerce in the Pharmaceutical Sector Rosa Ma Riesco Sastre highlights that buying and selling activities of pharmaceutical companies are supported by commercial B2B platforms in different ways.
SMEs in developing countries need support to address the challenges of adopting e-commerce technologies. Dube, Chitura and Runyowa in their research in Zimbabwe found out that SMEs were using e-commerce technologies which include EDI, e-mail, internet, intranets and extranets.
Further evidence of these barriers is provided by Quayle who indicates that the barriers include high e-commerce implementation costs, implementation complexity, lack of technical skills and IT knowledge among employees, lack of awareness of ecommerce benefits and security concerns.
The questionnaire was validated by pretesting it with a sample of five pharmaceutical companies.
Library High Tech, 25 2 It encourages more use of E-Commerce technologies, makes the e-transaction process easier, enhances the level of acceptance and adoption of E-Commerce, leads to the improvement of consumer commitment, raise customer satisfaction, introduces the concept of loyalty, sustains long-term relationships with customers and assists the acquiring of a competitive benefit.
It gives consumers faith to buy products or services even if an e-trader is unknown. The data was gathered from pharmaceutical manufactures, pharmaceutical wholesalers and pharmaceutical retailers.
Participants also mentioned that the unavailability of locally manufactured technology and equipment makes it expensive for them to acquire the necessary technology for e-commerce adoption. Also, Cyr investigated the effect of B2C e-commerce website user interface design factors such as information design, navigation design, and visual design on trust and satisfaction across three developed countries; Canada, Germany, and China.
His areas of interest are e-commerce technologies, mobile commerce and computer security. Businesses cannot make use of B2C e-commerce services when their customers are not aware of and cannot use the technology.
These technologies can only be adopted if and only if the companies in the sector change their attitudes and perceptions for the better towards e-commerce. E-opportunities of service sector SMEs: The second section provided information about the adoption and implementation of B2C e-commerce services.
In developing countries, IT and communication or rather e-commerce growth are substantial. Based on these findings, the following recommendations can be proposed: Barriers of E-commerce usage in the Pharmaceutical Sector As regards e-commerce usage barriers, Stockdale and Standing posit that there are four categories of barriers to e-commerce usage namely lack of resources and knowledge, skills levels of employees, security concerns and e-readiness of the businesses.
Information Society Journal, 23 2Using an exploratory research design, a structured survey instrument was developed and administered to thirty SMEs conveniently selected from a database of SMEs in Gweru.
Apart from that, e-commerce was also found out to be important in facilitating interdepartmental coordination which leads to increased productivity. However, the few available studies concerned with Small and Medium Enterprises SMEs in developing countries show evidence of delays, and failure to adoption.
On the contrary, Cragg and King cited in MacGregor and Vrazalic, suggest that there are four different categories of barriers notably, education, management time, economic concerns and technical knowledge. According to KwinikaKENNA Consulting, a South African private limited company tasked with assisting Zimbabwe to restore its ICT infrastructure, gave their assurance that the future of the industry is still viable and lucrative.
In this case, ebanking, on-line databases services and tele-working are regarded as complex technologies. In addition the use of previous survey instruments meant that the majority of the instrument was already validated Hornby, Goulding and Poon, Research results also suggest that there are only four strong barriers to e-commerce usage namely the cost of e-commerce technology equipment, absence of a company website, complexity of e-commerce technologies and privacy related issues.
Some of the legislation passed has created an environment, which is not favourable for the growth of e- commerce. International Journal of Innovation and Economic Development.
The rest of the sample consisted of four lower-level employees from different SMEs, who were chosen randomly. Secondly, Davis postulates that potential e-commerce users must not only be convinced of the usefulness advantage of e-commerce but must also have a positive attitude towards the technology.
The authors conclude that usage of e-commerce in the pharmaceutical sector leads to reduced costs of research and development and also increases sales. External competition and the need to keep up to date with current technologies are the main motivational factors for adopters.
Findings by Stockdale and Standing and MacLeod attest to this result. Rosa Ma Riesco Sastrep5 espouses that the pharmaceutical sector appears to have the ideal characteristics for using electronic business tools that support B2B relations business to business for buyers as well as sellers.
Ecommerce Paper, the Zimbabwean Context What is ecommerce? Electronic commerce, commonly known as e-commerce or eCommerce, or e-business consists of the buying and selling of products or services over electronic systems such as the Internet and other computer networks.
Evaluation of Current Technology Enabling E-Commerce in Zimbabwe This paper sought to find out if the technology enabling ecommerce is effectively and efficiently used in a developing country like Zimbabwe.
The paper specifically Evaluation of Current. A study in the Zimbabwean context is particularly important as despite the growing number of studies on the adoption of B2C e-commerce by SMEs, literature suggests the need to advance the understanding of key factors experienced in different contexts around the world.
Barriers of E-commerce usage in the Pharmaceutical Sector As regards e-commerce usage barriers, Stockdale and Standing () posit that there are four categories of barriers to e-commerce usage namely lack of resources and knowledge, skills levels of employees, security concerns and e.
Ecommerce Paper, the Zimbabwean Context offerings from most, if not all, of the suppliers of a particular product almost instantaneously, and make their decision secure in the knowledge that they have obtained the best possible deal available at the time.
FIGURE 1: The Research Model. 5. Implications for Ecommerce in Developing Countries. In developing countries, IT and communication or rather e-commerce growth are substantial.Ecommerce paper the zimbabwean context