An evaluation of the behavioural approaches to phobias

His article Provisional Laws of Acquired Behavior or Learning makes frequent use of the term "modifying behavior". Third generation[ edit ] The third-generation behaviour therapy movement has been called clinical behavior analysis because it represents a movement away from cognitivism and back toward radical behaviourism and other forms of behaviourismin particular functional analysis and behavioural models of verbal behaviour.

6) The Behaviour Model of Abnormality

Real phobias are debilitating illnesses, not quirks. Fourth if the persons involved are complying with the contract they must receive bonuses.

Behavioural therapy

Cognitions include the feelings of fear that make up the phobia and if you ignore this you are missing out on the emotional side of the phobia and what it is about the feared object that the sufferer finds so distressing.

I noticed that you did not include this and throught it might be useful. The differences will be discussed on the particular pages for systematic desensitisation and flooding. The psychodynamic approach to phobias includes two of the most well known approaches including desensitization and flooding.

Determinist - Behavioural view suggests that traumatic experiences lead to phobias. New techniques, like virtual reality therapy, are being developed and improve the success rates.

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However one application is with people who have a fear of water they are forced to swim out of their depth. For example, Wolpe forced an adolescent girl with a fear of cars into the back of a car and drove her around continuously for four hours: As such, it arose from two very distinct schools of psychology: But just because an idea goes against what we expect, it doesn't make it wrong.

Little Albert associated a loud noise with fluffy white objects, resulting in a fear of fluffy white objects such as a white rat.

If you think phobias are caused by a fault in the brain's amygdala fear centre in the limbic systemthen some sort of drug therapy might be in order If you think instead that phobias have an unconscious cause, rooted in some childhood traumathen Freud's psychoanalysis would work better If it seems more likely that phobias are faulty thought processes that can be challenged, cognitive therapy counseling might be the best solution However, if phobias are really behavioural problems rather like bad habitsthen behavioural therapy will work best In the real world, these therapies are often combined.

Then, in the second step the person is shown pictures of live snakes, which seem to be a bit more frightening. Unfortunately, in many cases when the drug treatment is ceased the symptoms recur.

They claim that the symptoms are merely the tip of the iceberg — the outward expression of deeper underlying emotional problems. Behavioural competence looks at whether a person has the appropriate skills and behaviours that are necessary when performing a specific response to a certain situation or stimuli.

Classical conditioning — This is where we learn behaviour through association, this can be used to explain some abnormal behaviour.

Some critics have described the behavioural therapies as being dehumanizing and unethical. The Association for Contextual Behavior Therapy is another professional organisation.

Therefore behaviourist ideas may sometimes be more effective for explaining a phobia. So with this therapy, it is the psychiatrist's job to question and change the irrational thoughts. We normally think of fearful behaviours being caused by feelings of terror, rather than feelings of terror being produced by fearful behaviours.

It is also sometimes used with agoraphobia. For a person with suicidal ideation, it is important to start with small steps. Their parent might comfort them, so the boy learns that becoming anxious around dogs will merit the award of comfort from a parent.

ACBS is home to many clinicians with specific interest in third generation behaviour therapy. Cognitive model[ edit ] The cognitive model of abnormality focuses on the cognitive distortions or the dysfunctions in the thought processes and the cognitive deficiencies, particularly the absence of sufficient thinking and planning.

Research Behind Master Fear of Flying. Master Fear of Flying is the result of over 6 years of extensive research, design and development. The program is built upon the scientifically validated approach to overcoming fears and phobias called Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT).

What are the strengths and weaknesses of the behavioural approach to abnormality?

Evaluation of the behaviourist explanation There is some evidence to support the theory, particularly the case of Little Albert who clearly did acquire a phobia via classical conditioning and who did generalise it, as predicted by behaviourists, to similar objects such as rabbits.

Supporters of the Behavioural Model also propose anorexia as a phobia concerning the possibility of gaining weight. Crisp () suggested that anorexia might be more appropriately called weight phobia.

Trait s can be poor predictors of behaviors. Studies of Trait ApproachStudies done with children who had anxiety disorders focusing on Trait showed significant links.(Susa G, Benga O)Studies also found traits marks of mechanisms that contribute to the development and or maintenance of anxiety and depressive disorders.

Models of abnormality are general hypotheses as to the nature of psychological four main models to explain psychological abnormality are the biological, behavioural, cognitive, and psychodynamic models. They all attempt to explain the causes and treatments for all psychological illnesses, and all from a different approach.

Behavioural approach to explaining phobias Two Process model Behavioural approach to explaining phobias Two process model A phobia is acquired trugh association- the association between neutral stimulus and an uncontrolled stimulus results in a new stimulus being learned.

An evaluation of the behavioural approaches to phobias
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Behavioural Approach to Phobias - Psychology Hacked