An analysis of the effects of cocaine abuse during pregnancy on child development

Child abuse

Cocaine use also may cause the placenta to pull away from the wall of the uterus before labor begins. In fact, the prevalence of all psychiatric diagnoses is higher among female alcoholics than nonalcoholics. But it can also involve, for example, kicking, shaking or throwing children, scratching, pinching, biting, pulling hair or boxing ears, forcing children to stay in uncomfortable positions, burning, scalding or forced ingestion for example, washing children's mouths out with soap or forcing them to swallow hot spices.

Mayes and her colleagues studied more than children--either not exposed to any drug or exposed prenatally to cocaine; to cocaine and marijuana, tobacco, or alcohol; or to marijuana, tobacco, or alcohol but not to cocaine.

Respiratory sinus arrhythmia RSAor the increase in heart rate during inspiration and decrease during exhalation, has been shown to be an indicator of the ability to self-regulate [ Porges, ] the parasympathetic response to stressors [ Grossman and Svebak, ].

Long-term drug abuse can greatly impact the development of a child. While earlier predictions that many cocaine-exposed babies would be severely brain damaged have not come true, these babies still face many health problems, ranging from subtle to life-threatening.

Human studies Determining the extent of damage caused to a developing fetus when it is exposed to cocaine during gestation is a topic of interest and some controversy.

Cocaine Health Risks: Effects on Pregnancy

Prenatal cocaine exposure and child behavior. Ann N Y Acad Sci. Prim Care Subst Abuse Common barriers to treatment include a partner who also uses alcohol or drugs, a chaotic lifestyle, a poor social support system, and lack of safe and affordable child care services.

A separate investigation found that 7-month-old infants exposed to cocaine did not have an increase in RSA when a negative affect test was administered while the control group did have a significant increase in RSA under the same conditions [ Schuetze et al.

After cocaine abuse, the heart rate of the fetus goes up along with the blood pressure, but it may suffer a lack of oxygen hypoxia. Often, a parent who abuses illicit drugs like cocaine does so in order to cope with underlying stressors, such as past trauma or abuse.

Follow-up of infants prenatally exposed to cocaine. Some reportedly suffer from some type of chronic head, abdominal, pelvic, or muscular pain with no identifiable reason. The initial phase of the study was conducted in San Diego, California from to The relatively long acting effects of ecstasy can elevate body temperature, and an accompanying state of dehydration can become quite serious, if not fatal.

There was a problem providing the content you requested

The trauma of experiencing a stillbirth can have long-term psychological effects on a mother and the family. Background. We sought to describe the correlates of marijuana use during and after pregnancy, and to examine the independent relationship between prenatal marijuana use and infant outcomes.

Adults who abuse cocaine might increase their risk of developing Parkinson's disease (PD), and pregnant women who abuse cocaine could increase the risk of their children developing PD later in. Archived Education: The Florida Alcohol and Drug Abuse Association (FADAA) and the Florida Department of Children and Families' Office of Substance Abuse and Mental Health (SAMH) together with their partners are continually developing and providing training to personnel who provide substance use disorder services to support the use of evidence-based practices in Florida.

Cocaine Use During Pregnancy

Substance abuse during pregnancy is more prevalent than commonly realized, with up to 25% of gravidas using illicit drugs. 1 In fact, substance abuse is more common among women of reproductive age than among the general population.

2 The average pregnant woman will take four or five drugs during her pregnancy, with 82% of pregnant women taking prescribed substances and 65% using.

Cocaine usage during pregnancy has the potential to harm both mother and baby, and the effects may be long-lasting. According to the National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH), roughly 1, pregnant women reported using cocaine in the past month 1.

This usage is especially prevalent among young adults aged 18 to New research clarifies the role of drugs of abuse on sleep, why cocaine is so powerful, and the brain changes that occur due to abuse that make addiction so difficult to treat.

An analysis of the effects of cocaine abuse during pregnancy on child development
Rated 3/5 based on 67 review
Cocaine Abuse During Pregnancy - ScienceDirect